Antalya is on a magnificent site at the head of the large gulf of the same name. the rugged Lycian mountains lie to the south and west, the massive Taurus range is behind, and the fertile Pamphylian Plain spreads out to the east. The city itself sits on a hummock right in the corner of the gulf, with just enough height to survey the sea and land around. The site was occupied in the 5th to 6th millennia BC, as finds in the Gurma Cave, east of Antalya, have shown. The original inhabitants probably spoke an Indo-European language, like the Hittites, but later adopted Phoenician, and still later Greek, as new colonist arrived. Most of the old town above the harbour has been restored, and it is a joy to walk around the wonderful and quite opulent examples of Ottoman and Greek architecture, like most of the cities along the coast.