Island Ponza is the largest island in the archipelago, famed for its beauty, is a long jagged crescent with highest part, Monte della Guardia in the south. It is well cultivated and produces a reasonable local wine. The main town is Ponza, arranged in a semi-circle around the harbour. Being close to Rome, Ponza is a popular resort and in July and August it teems with tourist, both local and foreing. The island was inhabited in Palaeolithic times and later by the Volscians, an early pre-Roman people.
In 313 B.C the Romans colonised the island and Augustus built a villa here. In later years it became an island of exile playing host to, among others, the dement Caligula’s brothers and his sister Agrippina, who was the mother of Nero. After the demise of Rome, Ponza was ravaged by pirates until the Borbouns attempted to resettle the island in the early 19th century. Somehow the colony survived to cash in on late 20th century tourism.