The Island Elba is the most beautiful Island of the Archipelago Toscano. It is everywhere mountainous with the highest part in the west of the island culminating in Monte Capanne. Its coast is much indented and there are numerous attractive harbours and anchorages. The slopes are extensively terraced and the island is always green even in the middle of summer. Palms, eucalyptus, cedars and pine grow everywhere and olives and vines are cultivated. At the end of the 18th century England occupied Elba for two years and in 1814 the exiled Napoleon arrived. You can visit Napoleon's house, the Villa dei Mulini, in Portoferraio, where he lived a rather Spartan life, almost as if he never expected to be long in Elba. The villa contains an Egyptian room with scenes from the Egyptian campaign and a handwritten inscription by Napoleon. Elba became part of united Italy in 1862.